Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder). The prostate gland produces fluid that is one of the components of semen.
Prostate cancer is the most common (non-skin) cancer in men. Approximately 238,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in the United States during 2013 and about 30,000 will die from the disease. About 1 man in 6 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
Prognosis & Treatment
Treatment options and prognosis depend on the stage of the cancer, the Gleason score, and the patient’s age and general health. With greater public awareness, early detection is on the rise and mortality rates are declining. Additionally, new advances in medical technology are enabling cancer patients to return to active and productive lives after their treatment.